Newsletter Distribution - 527 Members
February 2000


February 1, 2000 - 6:30 PM - CASA DEL PRADO - ROOM 104

Gary Pierwola, 2nd VP

Our novice Class this month with feature Concepcion Boyd of The Orchid Connection. She will tell us about the wide range of easy-to-grow Mexican species that are ideally suited for outdoor growing here in San Diego. These orchids are native to areas with temperatures very much like our own, although they receive more rainfall. So many are perfectly happy growing in our back yards as long as we water them well in the summertime.


February 1, 2000 - 7:30 PM - CASA DEL PRADO - ROOM 101

By Ben Machado, 1st VP

In between the lull of the holiday season and the upcoming March/April events your society keeps things in the right perspective with meeting speakers who bring you back to the real world, the world of orchids. This month we have the President of the Greater New York Orchid Society, Carlos Fighetti making a presentation. Yes, that’s right, "HE’S FROM NEW YORK CITY!" Actually, he lives in New Jersey but does everything in the New York area. The title of his presentation is "Back to Basics". The title of the presentation should be a pretty good clue of what his talk is all about. Carlos says he doesn’t use slides during this presentation that he likes to provide this as a lecture in open forum, hopefully with plenty of questions from the floor. He wants to talk about culture, care of your orchids, and the basics regarding orchid care.

The following is a very short biography about Carlos:

"I am an internationally recognized orchid grower and hybridizer with over twenty-five years of experience. I have lectured all over the United States, Canada, as well as in South America. I have written several articles for the AOS Orchids Magazine and I have been an invited lecturer at the last two World Orchid Congresses. I am the president of the Greater New York Orchid Society, Past President of the International Phalaenopsis Alliance, and Trustee of the American Orchid Society, I am a certified American Orchid Society Judge. I am also the Show Chairman of the New York International Orchid Show.

At home in New Jersey, I have a 1000 square-foot greenhouse where I grow approximately 2,000 orchid plants, specializing in Phalaenopsis and Paphiopedilums. My plants have received over 75 awards from the American Orchid Society for horticultural value, flower quality and cultural merits. Professionally, I am a Research Associate of the Engineering School at Columbia University in Nuclear Reactor Safety."

Carlos will also provide the plants for our Plant Opportunity Table. He expects to provide us a variety of some Phals, quite a few Paphs, some species orchids and some of his hybrid Cattleyas.

Dear Orchid Friends:

Did you all have a fabulous New Year? How many of those resolutions have you kept so far?

Well I’m sure one of them includes participating more and more this year in the abundant activities your Orchid society provides for you! This issue is full of information about our big Orchid Odyssey 2000 Show and Sale March 24 – 26. Please check out all the opportunities to pitch in and help make it the biggest, best show yet! There is a Show committee meeting and a Mini Show this month too so if you were feeling a lull after all the holiday activities here’s your chance to get out and have some fun. The Mini Show will provide a good "dress rehearsal" for us to get our plants out there all groomed up ready for those ribbons! Plus volunteers are needed. Contact Fred Weber. Check out the times and dates in the calendar section on page 3.

As always I think you will find interesting articles written by our members. If you would like to write an article or have a request for some orchid related item let us know.

Helen Bentley called to say she has AOS bulletins dating from 1991, which she would like to pass on. If you would like them please give her a call at 619-462-4293.

Have a great month and happy orchid adventures!

- Rebecca Lawrence

Interested in contributing articles to our newsletter?. Please contact Rebecca Lawrence for details. 760-943-8860 email . Articles submitted may be edited for clarity, accuracy and length prior to publication.


An orchid is blooming for the first time. It is a beauty but what is its name? Does it really matter if we know the correct name or not? If we are a hobbyist or a gift recipient simply content with the ownership of a lovely orchid then its name is not really all that important except when discussing the plant with others to obtain appropriate cultural information. Knowing what the orchid is, its type, genus and species or hybrid name will help when asking for advice.

Hybrids are challenging if not impossible to accurately identify beyond type and genus although it is likely that their parentage will be suggested by plant habit and flower structure. If the orchid is a commonnspecies then it is likely able to be identified by a knowledgeable member of an orchid society. Species uncommon in cultivation may require the assistance of a professional taxonomist. Deciding just how far to pursue the name is dependent upon what we want to do with the plant. It is particularly important to correctly identify plants being used in species breeding programs. It is essential that species presented for award judging have their identities verified. How do we proceed with the identification process?

PROVENANCE - Where did the plant come from? There was a time when orchids were mostly imported from the wild. The collector often provided information to the wholesale dealer so that one would know the provenance of the plants. This could aid in the identification process. In our conservation-minded era of trade in seed-raised plants, we can no longer rely on species orchids obtained from one country being necessarily species of that country.

Stores and garden centers mass market beautiful hybrid Phalaenopsis, Ascocendas and Dendrobiums which may or may not be named. The names may be fanciful and incomplete and are therefore unreliable for judging purposes. Sometimes the plants are simply labelled ‘orchid’ which doesn’t help at all. Such ‘no name’ plants can certainly be enjoyed when in bloom, even shared with fellow hobbyists as a show and tell subject but cannot be judged for an award unless they are correctly identified. Only registered hybrid grexes can be used. Invented names have no place in the show or award system. Unless show rules specifically forbid it, unnamed specimens can usually be included in an exhibit for mass effect but cannot be entered for individual consideration.

LABELS - If there is a label and the plant was obtained from a reliable source, we can be reasonably certain that it is what the label states. Sometimes the label is inaccurate, partly or completely faded, or even a blank. Sometimes there are spelling errors which might be easily corrected by someone who knows the plant and what the correct spelling should be. If we know who the supplier was then even a numeric code can be used to identify the plant. Use the name or address supplied on the tag to contact the supplier. Be aware that some nurseries buy wholesale lots from other suppliers so the trail may run cold.

SPECIES OR HYBRID? - The vast majority of Ascocendas, Cattleyas, Dendrobiums, Doritaenopsis, Oncidiums and Phalaenopsis available in mass market outlets are hybrids. We have no choice but to accept the name on the label. Mixed in with these often lovely hybrids can be Zygopetalums, Rhynchostylis, and Phaius, all species orchids that have either been seed-raised or mericloned. If the plant in question is labelled with a complete name then present it as such until someone knowledgeable suggests that an error has been made. The owner cannot be held responsible for incorrect commercial labelling beyond their expertise. Take a D. (Dtps.) Lady Jewel to a show and try to enter it as a D. Lady Jewel (Dendrobium) and someone will quickly point out that the D. abbreviation has been incorrectly interpreted. If the label gives the hybrid as Cym. (X x Y), e.g, Cym. (Venus x Doctor Baker), we can check either Sander’s List of Orchid Hybrids or a database such as Wildcatt to see if the cross has been registered. If it has which in this case is Cym. Millenium Dawn (1997) we will not only have an updated name but also a shorter name to write on the label and entry form.

The FLOWER - It is primarily the flower and how it is presented which is used to determine the identity of a plant. Is the inflorescence terminal (borne from the top of a growth) or is it lateral (borne from or near to the base of a growth). Are the inflorescences borne from nodes along the pseudobulb? How many flowers are there and how are they arranged? Are the flowers resupinate (with the lip lowermost) as in most orchid flowers or non-resupinate (with the lip uppermost) as in e.g. Encyclia and female Catasetum blooms?

The anthers (pollen-bearing stamens) are often key to the separation of genera. Lady’s-slippers (Cypripedium, Paphiopedilum and allies) have two lateral stamens on either side of the column while all other orchids excepting Apostasia have one centrally located fertile stamen. Pollen is contained in two, four, six or eight masses which can be furtherused to identify a genus. The grains of pollen are distinctive as are the seed coats when viewed with the aid of a microscope. When presenting a flower for taxonomic identification try to provide a fresh flower or detailed photographs with dimensions of the flower, the infloresence including how it is borne on the plant. Flowers can also be preserved in alcohol or pressed. If you have questions, contact the intended recipient for instructions.

The PLANT - In terms of vegetative growth habit, orchids are divided according to whether they do or do not exhibit monopodial growth where the stem continues to elongate, adding more and more leaves over time. Orchids having sympodial growth produce one shoot after another, the shoots being joined by a prostrate stem or rhizome. Cattleyas and Dendrobiums are sympodial types whereas Phalaenopsis and Ascocenda exhibit monopodial growth.

IDENTIFICATION RESOURCES - Usually an orchid can be readily categorized as being a member of a particular Alliance or being closely related to a particular genus based upon physical appearance. Experienced club members should be able to help us go even further in our quest for knowledge by suggesting library reference books. In the age of the internet, we are able to photograph and circulate a picture with a request for assistance. Responses should at least provide a starting point for further investigation.

BOOKS - No one book can be recommended as a starting point. Many species descriptions have been published with drawing in Lindleyana. Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family - Robert L. Dressler provides technical information while a title such as The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids edited by Alec Pridgeon provides lots of pictures for comparison. Illustrated orchid catalogues can also be helpful.

AWARDS QUARTERLY - A colorful publication of orchids awarded by the American Orchid Society, the AQ offers many illustrations for your reference. Once a year, a list of approved Taxonomic Authorities is published to assist recipients of the Certificate of Botanical Recognition (CBR) and of the Certificate of Horticultural Merit (CHM) in having their plant identities verified. The most recent listing was published in June 1999, Vol. 30:2.
Once we know what the orchid is, what should we do? Label it and preserve the records!
Prepare a label using non-fading ink. Print the name exactly as it appears with the identification. Minimize abbreviations to those commonly accepted such as C. (Cattleya) and Den. (Dendrobium). Keep all correspondence surrounding the identification process. Be sure to label all divisions whether they be gifts or sale plants and to provide accurate information whenever using the plant as a seed or pollen donor.

Marilyn H.S. Light Orchid Safari
Copyright 1999

Show Happenings

by Cindy Hill, Show Co-Chairman

Our Spring Show is our biggest fundraiser of the year. It helps support our providing great speakers, interesting plant tables, refreshments, the May banquet, and many other goodies that come with being a member of the SDCOS. Without our Volunteers, it just doesn’t happen. So come join the fun, and help us make it as successful as ever.

We are scouting for VOLUNTEERS (those wonderful, sainted folks) to help make the show come together. There is something for any interest. Whether you prefer active or restful, enjoy dealing with people or dealing with plants, there is a place for YOU. It can be as simple as taking tickets at the door. Signing up plants in a registration logbook. Working with the ribbon judges as a clerk. (And what an education that is!) Hosting our visitors with a smile. Answering some basic orchid questions. Making corsages. Helping in the Plant Hotel. You can be guaranteed never a dull moment by showing up early Thursday morning to help set up, staying through the show, and helping tear down Sunday at 4. All that we ask you to contribute is 2-4 hours. And we will turn no one away who wants to stay longer!

Be thinking about where you will enjoy spending a few hours (or more) helping out during our show. We will have sign up sheets at each meeting until show time, so please sign up early, and sign up often.


Show set-up and Tear-down

Plant Registration

Plant Hotel

Information Booth

Ribbon Judging

Corsage Booth

Display Set-Up


Sales Booth

Admissions at the Door

Gift and T Shirt Sales

SDCOS Display

Host & Hospitality

Some of these responsibilities happen only for specific times (like Plant Registration, Ribbon judging) while others are ongoing ALL weekend (Security, Plant Hotel). So don’t be shy. If you are interested, and want to learn more, call Cindy Hill 858-481-5782 or Bud Close 619-444-5519, and we will be happy to hear from you!

Your participation means a lot to the Society.

Thank you.

Volunteers’ Orientation for Ribbon Judging
and Plant Registration

Have you ever wondered how ribbons are awarded, or how plants are entered for judging? Wished you could volunteer at the show, but thought you’d have to have more experience?

Come to the Orientation on Sunday, March 12 at 2:00 pm, and you will learn a lot and have fun, too. This first-time session, led by Jim Wright, our Judging coordinator, and Cindy Hill, our Show Co-Chair and Registration coordinator, will help you become familiar with the show program, including categories of competition, and the various forms used in registering plants for ribbon judging. You’ll have hands-on practice registering plants, deciding which category they go in, even a couple of "tough" ringers thrown in for fun to keep us on our toes. Then follow Jim Wright as he describes the process of evaluating orchids for ribbon judging, as well as how other special awards and trophies are decided. He’ll also review the differences between AOS and ribbon judging. You’ll get a chance to do your own ribbon judging in teams on some "volunteer plants", and decide on the Best of Show in our own little practice contest.

You’ll be in top form to enter your OWN plants for judging, assisting the registrars, helping ribbon judging teams to locate plants, recording ribbons and trophies, and generally absorbing a lot of valuable information firsthand. It’s always more fun to be in the thick of things at the show, so plan to come and learn how!

Date: Sunday, March 12

Time: 2:00 sharp - please be on time! We will finish by 4 pm

Where: Park Del Mar Clubhouse, (plenty of parking in the lot)
645 Solana Circle East
Solana Beach, 92075

What to bring: a notebook and pen, some of your own blooming plants for practice judging, your questions.
For details and directions contact Cindy Hill (858) 481-5782 or Jim Wright (619) 276-5295.

Orchid Esther Sivila

The big Orchid Show and Sale is fast approaching. Are you excited as I am to see what ingenuity THE ORCHID ODYSSEY will bring? I’m sure it will be out of this world!! Okay, let’s continue on with our generic names and pronunciation.



Aclandiae ak-LAND-ee-eye

albida AL-bi-da

amethystoglossa am-e-this-toe-GLOS-ah

anceps AN-seps

aurantiaca aw-ran-tee-AH-ka

aurea AW-ree-ah

autumnalis aw-tum-NAH-lis

bicolor BY-kol-or

Bowringiana bow-ring-ee-AH-na

Brysiana bry-zee-AH-na

chocoensis chok-oh-EN-sis

cinnabarina sin-a-bar-EE-na

citrina sit-REE-na

coccinea kok-SIN-ee-ah

crispa KRIS-pa

elongata ee-long-GAH-ta

flava FLAH-va

Forbesii FORBZ-ee-eye

furfuracea fur-fur-AH-see-ah

Gaskelliana gas-kel-ee-AH-na

gigas JY-gas

granulosa gran-roo-LOW-s

guatemalensis gwa-te-ma-LEN-sis

guttata goo-TAH-ta

Hardyana har-dee-AH-na

Harrisoniae ha-ri-SON-ee-eye

Harrisoniana ha-ri-son-ee-AH-na

intermedia in-ter-MEE-dee-ah

labiata la-bee-AH-ta

Lawrenceana law-ren-see-AH-na

Leopoldii lay-oh-POLD-ee-eye

lobata loe-BAH-ta

Loddigesii lod-IJ-es-ee-eye

Lueddemanniana loo-ed-e-man-ee-AH-na

luteola loo-tee-OH-la

maxima MAX-i-ma

Mossiae MOSS-ee-eye

nobilior no-BIL-ee-or

Percivaliana per-si-vah-lee-AH-na

Perrinii pe-REEN-ee-eye

pumila POO-mi-la

purpurata pur-pur-AH-ta

quadricolor KWAD-ri-kol-or rubescens roo-BES-enz

Sanderiana san-der-ee-AH-na

Schofieldiana skoe-feeld-ee-AH-na

Skinneri SKIN-er-eye

Trianaei tree-AH-nee-eye

violacea vy-oh-LAH-see-ah

To be continued in the next issue…..

Dates to Remember: February

February 1, 7:30 pm
SDCOS General Meeting
First Tuesday each month, Balboa Park
Fred Weber (619) 982-9128

February 3-6
Fascination of Orchids Intl Show and Sale
CSA of Orange County, South Coast Plaza
Tony Glinskas fax: (714) 964-3265

February 5, 9:00 am
SDCOS Species Group Meeting
First Saturday each month
Peter Tobias (760) 753-3173
Paul or Ann Tuskes (619) 274-5829

February 8, 7:00 pm
SDCOS Board Meeting
Second Tuesday each month
Balboa Park
Siv Garrod (619) 483-8787

February 11, 7:30 pm
Palomar Orchid Society Meeting
Second Friday each month
Vista Community Center
Greg Luetticke (760) 724-4711

February 15, 7:00 pm
SDCOS Show Committee, Balboa Park
Cindy Hill (858) 481-5782
Bud Close (619) 444-8839

February 19 & 20
SDCOS Mini-Show
Room 101, Casa del Prado, Balboa Park
Fred Weber (619) 982-9128

Feb. 19, 10 am – 2 pm
Zoo Orchid Greenhouses Open House
Third Friday each month
Jeannette Gerrity 231-1515 ext. 4306

March 24, 25 & 26
54th SDCOS Orchid Show and Sale

IN SEARCH OF Laelia Purpurata

by Peter Tobias, Brazilian correspondent

I have been growing orchids for approximately 25 years and have always thought that if I could grow just one species, that Laelia purpurata would be it. Laelia purpurata has a wide variety of forms, most with vibrant pinks, reds, purples, and blues, as well as pure white, and has whole orchid shows devoted to it. So I finally decided there was no time like the present, and went to see it in Brazil, it’s native habitat. I was not disappointed.

Happily, a couple of years ago, I had made the acquaintance of Rosario Braga, proprietor of Orquidario Quinta do Lago outside Rio de Janeiro. About six months ago, Rosario e-mailed me about two shows on back-to-back weekends in December of ‘99 that would feature nothing but Laelia purpurata. She offered to be my tour guide if I was interested in seeing them. Earlier that year, the SDCOS Conservation Committee, of which I am chair, had coincidentally made a grant to support the research of David Miller and Richard Warren in their Atlantic Rainforest Conservation Trust in Macae da Cima, also just outside Rio. I could visit them and see the orchid shows on the same trip. With all these good reasons to go, it seemed a mistake NOT to go. So in November I signed up for Portuguese lessons, asked Rosario to apply for a CITES permit for me so that I could bring some plants home, bought my airline tickets and arranged with a friend to look after my cat, canaries and orchids while I was away.

My first exposure to the reality of Brazilian orchids was in Petropolis, a small city some 50 miles north of Rio in the Organ Mountain section of the Atlantic Rainforest. The Atlantic Rainforest once stretched in an uninterrupted coastal belt for several hundred miles both north and south of Rio. More than 95% has been destroyed for development, but significant pockets still exist. The Organ Mountains are home to many orchids that we know well, among them Laelia crispa, Zygopetalums mackaye and crinitum, and Oncidiums crispum, enderianum, blanchetti, and flexuosum. The forests there include many different species of deciduous trees, but they never all lose their leaves at once so it is always green. I could not determine what kinds of trees the orchids were most at home on, but there were many different ones, some smooth-barked, some rough. Bamboo and palms of many kinds grew rampantly and in the moister and cooler high elevations large tree ferns also grew. At sea level it was commonly in the high 90’s and very humid since December is summer south of the equator. On the mountain tops at 5000 feet it is typically only in the 80’s but just as humid and on the south slopes much wetter; 10 feet of rain is pretty normal and some pockets probably get at least twice that.

Over the years, friends and I have ordered from several orquidarios (orchid nurseries) located in Petropolis, including Binot, Floralia, and Quinta do Lago. I was unable to visit Binot, but visiting Floralia and Quinta do Lago was like walking around in a huge, fragrant candy store. My God, all the plants that I had seen arrive at home wrapped bareroot in newspaper were growing happily there by the hundreds! And cheaper than catalog prices too! And in bloom!

Next, I went to the rainforest conservation project in Macae da Cima. First, you drive up paved roads of ever diminishing size, then you drive on dirt roads of ever diminishing size, until you finally go 8 miles up a one lane, washed-out road to end at the house that David Miller built on top of a hill. He is Irish and the house looked it. While there is no electricity, and a telephone was installed only last summer, if your wife was Izabel Miller, you would be very happy anyway. She’s a great cook, thoroughly wonderful person, and an excellent orchid photographer. Here were orchids, here was jungle, here was rainforest, and it was more spectacular than I had imagined. David (age 71) ran me ragged around his mountains. Among the orchids I saw in bloom in the wild were Scuticaria hadwenii, Promenea xanthina, Oncidium blanchetti, and even Sophronitis coccinea. The Sophronitis was at the top of a hill, on the end of a branch out over a cliff, the fog was howling through, and there it was, glowing like a brilliant red light through the mist. Magnificent! And after talking with David at length and seeing how he conducts research there, I came away confident that it is well worth the support we have given them.

Their research is primarily to describe and document the orchid flora of the region. But their real work is protecting the land from development. Simply owning land is not enough to protect it from development. You have to prove that you are using it or it can be forcibly sold to whoever wants to buy. Preserving orchid habitat is not a well recognized form of land use in Brazil, to put it mildly. David and his partner in preservation, Richard Warren, may just this year have finally convinced a Brazilian court that they are using their land for scientific purposes, but it has taken almost thirty years to do so. This final step bodes well for protection of the land in perpetuity, but nothing in Brazil can be taken for granted. They own about five thousand acres.

The Laelia purpuratas were not near Rio, but further south, near Porto Alegre, a coastal city near the southern tip of Brazil. Porto Alegre is the home of Ricsel Orchids, another firm from which friends and I here in San Diego have purchased plants. Porto Alegre seems to have much the same climate as San Diego in terms of temperature since they have many of the same street trees we do. However, it rains there a lot more than here and all those street trees have lots of epiphytes on them.

With the help of a local man familiar with the local forests and orchids we went in search of Laelia purpurata, and found it. Several beautiful specimens were in bloom in the coastal plains. Actually, we saw a lot more of Cattleya leopoldii than Laelia purpurata. They were found blooming in big fig trees, together with Oncidium pumilum and Oncidium micropogon. There were lots of Cattleya intermedia there, too, but its bloom season is September, so none were in bloom when I was there.

After camping in and exploring the woods for two days, we visited several more nurseries around Porto Alegre. These orquidarios tend to concentrate on Laelia purpurata and Cattleya intermedia because they grow with minimal care and are justifiably popular. Rudi Dreher, in his 80’s, inherited his father’s collection and and has been adding to it. He has a lot of nice clones which he maintains, but is not a commercial grower. Luiz Petersen has been crossing clones of Laelia purpurata and Cattleya intermedia for many years with some spectacular results, but he, too, is not a commercial grower. Probably the best collection of these two species I saw was at the nursery of Sander and Eisele, who are commercial. They crossed, grew, selected, crossed, grew, and selected through several cycles to end up with some very fine plants indeed.

Oh yes, the orchid shows that I went to see. Actually, they were the least rewarding part of the trip. Small, poorly lit and with unexceptional plants. For some reason, the Porto Alegre orchid growers are such a contentious, suspicious, cantakerous lot that they don’t generally collaborate on shows. Their society has had only a few dozen members for quite a few years, despite being in a city of over a million people. By comparison, for all the disagreements we have in the SDCOS, we are a genial, agreeable bunch. It shows (pun intended). The society members there would be amazed at our show. We have far more plants, more variety, and more fun.

Will I go back ? You betcha! There is a lot more of Brazil with many more orchids to explore, the food and drink are great, and the natives are wonderful. I also have to go back to Brazil to work on my caipirinha recipe (Start with 1 part lime juice, 1 part sugar, 1 part firewater, and some crushed ice. Taste and try again. Practice, practice, pratish, prash, splash, splish-splash, whoweee !) But first I will have to work on my cat. He threw up all over my friend’s rug several times. Maybe he needs a little caipirinha, too.

Web sites for the nurseries mentioned are:
Quinta do Lago,
Sander and Eisele,


Laelia superbiens votes Yes!

by Tom Biggart

Some people say bigger is better. I don’t know if it is better but it certainly is eye-catching and flashy. My plant for the month is definitely big—it even might be called huge—-Laelia superbiens. It is found from Chiapas in Mexico to Honduras on eastern slopes from 3,000 to 5,000 feet elevation.

Pseudobulbs are normally up to three feet in length with two, ten inch leathery leaves at the top. The spike can easily reach 6 to 8 feet in length! Flowers are carried in a large head at the top of the spike, similar to many Schomburgkias. The head of flowers can be 12 to 15 inches in diameter. It really puts on a show! Each flower is 5 to 7 inches across. The sepals and petals vary from a light to a rich dark pinkish-purple. The lip is a very flashy yellow with dark brownish lines. A white (alba) form is available as well, but the flowers are smaller and the lip lacks the interesting brown lines.
I grow my L. superbiens plants in my greenhouse. I know several people who do well growing them outside in Chula Vista, Encinitas and Santa Barbara. While they can be grown in pots, they seem to prefer being mounted. They ramble so much that it is difficult to keep them in a pot. They prefer lots of good light and will do exceptionally well in full sun in low-light coastal areas.

If you can provide them enough space to spread out you will not be disappointed in their performance. Big is great if you can handle it!

12 Timely Tips for

Prizewinning Orchid Plants

1. Remove dead and dying parts from otherwise healthy plants

2. Clean dead bracts from pseudobulbs and stems

3. Remove algae, mold, dirt and any pests from all plant parts

4. Trim off brown leaf tips if necessary

5. Train new growths and inflorescences as needed

6. Position buds or flowers when necessary, using cotton / hardware

7. Clean mineral/fertilizer spots off leaves with a soft cloth and milk

8. Choose an attractive container that complements the plan

9. Protect all parts of plant during transport to the show

10. Know the complete, correct name and how to spell it

11. Write neatly, correctly, and legibly on your registration form

12. Do not abbreviate on registration cards unless absolutely necessary

Your plants will love the attention from you, and all those oohs and aahs at the show!


APRIL 1, 2000, 6:30 AM

By Ben Machado, 1st Vice President

After our popular charter bus trip to Zuma Canyon Orchids last summer many of you have inquired about a similar trip to Santa Barbara. Here it is, we’re going to do it. Arrangements are in place to take a "state of the art" European style coach to Santa Barbara for their Orchid Odyssey 2000. This is their 55th annual show, held on the Earl Warren Showgrounds. This is always a large, exciting show, with spectacular displays, as well as many excellent vendors. The show includes exhibits of thousands of magnificent orchids, arrangements and displays. There will be a workshop to learn about orchid culture and care of plants, presented by the experts. Plus a gigantic plant sales area.

Here’s the package: a full day’s outing for $42 per person which includes transportation and entry to the show. Departure will be at 6:30 AM on the finest quality coach available in the industry, maximum seating is 50 persons. The drive to Santa Barbara is about 4 ½ hours including a short rest stop at a Wendy’s kind of restaurant. We arrive at the show at approximately 11 AM, spend 5 hours at the show and then a prompt departure at 4 PM. On the way home, we stop for dinner at a buffet type location that has yet to be determined, then proceed for home. Arrival time will be approximately 9 PM.

Of course the trip is especially intended for San Diego County Orchid Society members, but we want to include other friends and family members as well. Confirm your seating with a check or cash to Ben Machado, (619)660-9870, e-mail,

Time To Start Grooming
Your Orchids For Show!

One of the most exciting parts of our annual show is to see the amazing diversity and number of blooming plants brought in for ribbon judging. Having those tables virtually overflowing with our members’ plants makes the event festive, fun, and educational to the public. Not to mention, a pretty nice indicator of the high caliber of growers we have here in San Diego! On the rare year when the weather just did not cooperate, and few plants were in bloom to bring in, you could surely tell it was slim pickins’ out there on the show floor. So, whatever is blooming, plan to bring it in for registration Thursday before the show. That way you and your plant(s) can be a part of ORCHID ODYSSEY 2000!

Your Blooming Plants Are Invited
To Be Part of our Society’s Display

We will need at least 100 blooming orchid plants for our Society’s ORCHID ODYSSEY 2000 display this year. This is a chance for the public to see the quality and variety of plants that we grow here in San Diego. Any kind of blooming orchid is fine!

Plants should be cleaned up (leaves cleaned and dead backbulbs removed) and flowers open. Be sure plants are fully watered when you bring them in, so they don’t get thirsty over the weekend. Mark the pot clearly with Your Name on masking tape. It is a huge help if you bring your plants to the Scottish Rite Center Thursday evening before 9 , so we can have the plants in place and labelled that night. As a last resort only, we can accept a few plants Friday, although that may mean disrupting the display. Ouch! So PLEASE bring them THURSDAY.

Be sure to tell someone that you are are leaving your plants for the display, and sign the Plant Sign-In sheet. Don’t simply leave them in the display area, as they may be confused with sale plants. Plants can be picked up after the show closes at 4:00 p.m. on Sunday (If you can’t pick them up then, let one of us know and we’ll make sure they are cared for until you can.) Plants in the display are also eligible for ribbon judging (up to 7 per display), as long as you register them as such.

YOUR beautiful orchids will make the SDCOS display outstanding. Thank you for your help, and for your plants!! Any questions, call Moti Bodner, 858-484-2917.

Go Out Back and Down Under with Kenner Orchids

George is at it again!! George Kenner of Kenner & Sons / Kangaroo Explorers has designed 4 tours to Australia and Fiji for the year 2000. All 4 tours include rainforest jaunts and plenty of time for visits to the Australasian botanic gardens and parks. Trips to the subtropical and tropical rainforests will provide many opportunities to view native flora and fauna, including brilliantly colored parrots, pademelons (tree kangaroos), strangler figs and, of course, Australian orchids. Also included in the itineraries are visits to the Aboriginal Outback, expeditions to the Great Barrier Reef, river and everglade cruises and plenty of golf for those with the urge. Cities sights on the tour include Sydney, Brisbane, Cairns, Port Douglas, Alice Springs, Darwin and Nadi.

Kanagaroo Explorers tours include all transportation (round trip from Los Angeles), transfers and baggage handling. Many meals and deluxe / luxury accommodations are provided. Detailed itineraries can be found on their web site at , or call 619-660-0161 for printed material.

George is a retired U. S. Marine Corps officer and has spent many years in the Pacific. This military service, plus the guided tours that he has hosted over the past 7 years, have carried him to the Australia shores more than thirty times, so he knows whereof he speaks.

George and his Australian Orchid sales booth will again be part of our Orchid Odyssey 2000 spring show. This year, his sales room will feature an orchid tour area and a continuing slide show on Australia and its orchids. Be sure to join him there and talk AUSTRALIA.

Orchid Community News...

ORCHIDANICA Relocates to Fallbrook

Our new location is outside of Fallbrook on a hill, which is basically frost-free and we are able to grow Papayas, Mangos, Limes, other exotic fruit, and of course, Orchids. We are starting on greenhouse construction as soon as we get permits (hopefully a few weeks). Our business continues by mail and at shows — We will be at the Fascination of Orchids Show at South Coast Plaza on Feb 3-6 next (sponsored by the Orange County branch of the Cymbidium Society of America), and at the San Diego Orchid Odyssey 2000, March 24--26 in Mission Valley. We plan on making some of the SDCOS meetings soon. Right now I am renting greenhouse space so am not taking walk-in customers, but once the greenhouse is completed (January sometime, I hope) I can have visitors on an appointment basis. I would say that I am heavy on Cattleya species, Dendrobiums (especially Papua New Guinea), Laelias, unusual genera such as Draculas, Oncidiums, Masdevallias, some Bulbophyllums, Stanhopea, etc. Everyone is invited to visit my website at

From Larry Moskowitz of Orchidanica

Advertisers and Vendors: send your updates about a new location, new products, new management or special events to: or , or mail to Rebecca Lawrence, SDCOS Editor, 820 Ocean Crest Rd., Cardiff, CA 92007.

SDCOS Board of Directors Meeting
January 11, 2000

Present: Fred Weber, Edith Galvan, Cindy Hill, Duncan Werth, Gary Pierwola, Bud Close, Ben Machado, Ann Tuskes, Paul Tuskes, Jim Wright, Ron Kaufmann, Leno Galvan, Susie Machado, Marion Allen, and Siv Garrod.

Meeting called to order at 19:05.


1.Last meeting’s minutes were read and approved.

2.Treasurer - Edith Galvan - The report for December was read, approved and filed for audit.

3. First vice president - Ben Machado - The February speaker is Carlos Fighetti. He is the president of the Greater New York Orchid Society and the name of his talk is "Back to Basics".

4. Second vice president - Gary Pierwola - The February Novice class will be a presentation on how to acclimate Mexican species to our climate by Concepcion Boyd.

5. Show Co-Chairman - Bud Close - 16 vendors have sent in the fee for the sales booth. There will be some room in the sales area to accommodate one vendor’s request for a double booth. One vendor will move into one of the side room at his own expense.


1. The Bus trip to the Santa Barbara Spring Show April 1 will be offered to the members of the society. The cost is not yet final.

2. Marion Allen - AOS liaison - Gave an overview on what is entailed in hosting an AOS Trustee meeting and what the benefits are to the hosting society. With Cindy Hill she visited several areas in the city that could be a potential site for this meeting and our spring show. She stressed the fact that the entire society must be in favor to act as and host before the AOS would confirm with us. The decision deadline is preferable this April but could be as late as October for the show in spring of 2004.

Meeting adjourned 20:35

Submitted by Siv Garrod


HELP HOTLINE: The SDCOS offers a service to members who seek cultural information about their orchids. Here are some friendly hobbyists who have a great deal of experience and knowledge about certain types of orchids, and who have kindly volunteered to answer your questions. There are no commercial growers on this list.

Cattleyas, Oncidium/Odontoglossum, and Vandaceous, Greenhouse grown, West SD county Forrest Robinson - (619) 270-6105

Encyclias, Epidendrum - Tom Osborn - (760) 787-0282

Paphiopedilums - Bob Hodges - (619)461-4915, Ann Tuskes - (619) 274-5829

Phalaenopsis, Cattleyas and Dendrobiums Alma Marosz - (619) 583-0334

Pleurothallids - Don van Kekerix - (619) 224-4938

Cymbidium, Zygopetalum - Ken Miller (619) 453-4705

Northeast County, all types - Dave Reid (619) 728-7996

San Diego West County all types - Jean Beck (619) 435-8211

San Diego Central, Outdoor, all types Fred Tomaschke 276-3225 / Jim Wright 276-5295

San Diego East County, all types James Masst - (619) 443-2800 / Bud Close - (619) 444-8839

Species, all types, Indoor and Outdoor Ann & Paul Tuskes - (619) 274-5829

South County all types - Genie Hammond (619) 426-6831 / Ed Marty - (619) 470-7175

You may also call any of the SDCOS Board Members for information; if they don't have the answer, they will direct you to someone who knows.


If you have monthly meetings or announcements related to orchids make sure the information gets to me by the SECOND TUESDAY of each month for publishing in the next newsletter.

Rebecca Lawrence, Editor

San Diego County Orchid Society
~~ Established in 1947 ~~

To promote interest in orchids and their cultivation, to educate by exchanging information and experiences related to successful orchid culture, and to support the conservation of orchids in the wild.

President: Fred Weber 619-982-9128
First Vice President: Ben Machado 619-660-9870
Second Vice President: Gary Pierwola 619-426-9108
Secretary Siv Garrod: 619-483-8787
Treasurer: Edith Galvan 619-441-7503
1997 to 2000 Ann Tuskes 619-274-5829
1998 to 2001 Cindy Hill 619-481-5782
1999 to 2002 Duncan Werth 619-222-2072
Director at Large: (Past President) Bud Close 619-444-8839
Parliamentarian: Alma Marosz 619-583-0334
Refreshments: Joan Close, Alma Marosz, Peggy Swanson, Pat Tolen
Librarian: Ron Velarde 619-562-7246
Historian: Ben Hardy 619-448-0659
Plant Opportunity Table: Jim Reid 619-223-3961
William Roley, Rudy Pfeiffer
Hospitality: Esther Sivila, Naty Ritua
Floral Association Representative: Lynn Beyerle 619-454-4953
Botanical Fnd. and Mini-Show Representative: Bob Hodges 619-461-4915
Conservation Committee: Peter Tobias 760-753-3173
Membership Committee and Name Badges: Vivian Follmer 619-538-6187
Newsletter Editor: Rebecca Lawrence 760-943-8860
Newsletter Distribution: Genie Hammond 619-426-6831
Newsletter Advertising: Cindy Hill 619-481-5782
Webmaster: Duncan Werth 619-222-2072

These are many of the hard-working volunteers that keep our Society running. There are many others with no titles that help these folks make it happen. You are invited to help. Ask any of these people how.

Monthly meetings are held the First Tuesday of each month at Casa del Prado in Balboa Park.
You do not need to be a member to attend these meetings. Admission is free. Anyone is welcome!

Novice Class: 6:30 p.m. Room 104
General Meeting: 7:30 p.m. Room 101

You are invited to share your interest in growing orchids through: monthly meetings with slide shows, guest speakers and refreshments, our Newsletter, mini-shows, Annual Spring Show, a Christmas party, plant raffles, and camaraderie with other hobbyists as well as commercial growers, just by becoming a Society member.

To join our Society, fill out this form, mail it with your check (payable to SDCOS), and come to the next meeting. Single $10.00 / Dual $12.50. Membership runs from July 1 to June 30
(1/2 price after January 1).

Street Address ________________________________________
City, State________________________________________________
Phone/Fax ____________________________________________________ E-mail_________________________________

Mail to:
Vivian Follmer
13127 Roundup
San Diego, CA 92129

Phone: 619-538-6187
Correspondence to the Society goes to:
P.O. Box 161020
San Diego, CA 92176

Photography İGreg Allikas