Volume 3 Newsletter Distribution - 712 Members April 1999

April 6
th, 1999, 6:30 PM, CASA DEL PRADO- RM 104
Orchids You Can Grow Outdoors By Chris Herndon, 2nd VP

We are fortunate to have Harry Tolen, our longtime former newsletter editor, talk about growing orchids outdoors for this month's novice class. Harry, who owns Chula Orchids in Chula Vista, has a lot of experience growing different types of orchids outdoors ranging from Cattleyas to Oncidiums.

Last month, Bind Close and Alma Marosz gave an informative and timely presentation on preparing plants for displays in shows. They brought in several "neglected" plants and demonstrated how to clean them up. Thank you Bud and Alma for your time and efforts. Please come and as always bring in any questions you might have with you!!!

6th, 1999 - 7:30 PM - CASA DEL PRADO - ROOM 101
Australian Terrestrial Orchids By Ben Machado, 1st Vice President

Last month we had an excellent presentation by George Kenner of Kenner and Sons Orchids, titled "An Overview of Australian Orchids'. Almost in series fashion we have another Australian Orchids presenter, this time from Sydney, Australia. David Banks will be on US tour starting with the SDCOS. He has a presentation for us named "Australian Terrestrial Orchids" The beautiful pert of the Australian Orchids is that since their growing environment is so similar to Southern California we can relate to anything Australian. David provided this background for us:

David P. Banks is from Sydney, Australia, and has been growing orchids for almost 30 years, since the age of five. He is a qualified orchid judge with the Australian Orchid Council, and the current editor of the Australasian Native Orchid Society. He has had over 90 papers relating to orchids published since 1980. In 1998, David was appointed editor ofthe sedes-Australian Orchid Research, the sdenfir~ publication oftheAustralian Orchid Foundation. David has frequently wntton for Orchids Australia, where he served five years as editodal consultant, and his acclaimed photographs appear in this and other domestic and international joumals. He has conducted three successful intemational lecture tours and has been invited on another tour of Canada and the USA in April - May 1999, in conjunction with the World Orchid Conference in Vancouver. David's first book, Tropical Orchids of Southeast Asia, was published in 1999.

Dave Reid of Reid's Orchids is providing plants for the Plant Opportunity Table. Do yourself a favor and visit Reid's Orchids impressive nursery, just north of Escondido, at your earliest opportunity. Dave says he will provide Cattleyas, Epidendrum hybrids and Dendrobiums, including some Noblie types. (Remember-you can spend your Orchid Bucks for raffle tickets!)

Dear Orchid Friends,

I hope you all saw the big 'Orchid Oasis' show because it was truly spectacular! Our annual event is one of the few big West Coast shows put on entirely by volunteers. It's a favorite with both visitors and exhibitors.

Bud Close, our Show Chairman and Cindy Hill, Assistant Show Chairman, really did a fine job of organizing the troops so that everything ran smoothly. The banquet Saturday night was fun and the food was delicious. It was a good opportunity to enjoy the fruits of all the labors expended to put on such a big event. We relaxed, socialized and enjoyed good orchid conversation.

The one sad note was the passing of longtime volunteer Marge Anderson. She had been a member of SDCOS for over 30 years and was a fixture at the corsage booth. She had held many jobs over the years including secretary. A memorial service was held for her February 27.

It's now officially Spring. Time to attend to our beloved orchids as they begin to put out new growth. A checklist on page ten provides us some inspiration and direction. Esther Sivila's new column, 'Orchid Talk', starts off defining some orchid terms we may not be familiar with. Also inside you'll find updates on the conservation projects we sponsor, including one here in San Diego County. I'm really enjoying all the support in the form of articles and ideas from our members. it's heartening to be part of such a large group with so many people willing to give of their time and energy. I thank each of you and continue to welcome articles and ideas. I look forward to seeing you at April's meeting.

Rebecca Lawrence

Interested in contributing articles to our newsletter?. Please contact Rebecca Lawrence for details. 760-943-8860 email rebsie@home.com . Articles submitted may be edited for clarity, accuracy and length prior to publication.


As this issue goes to press, we have just taken down the final table, carried out the last plant, swept up the last bit of bark...the Orchid Oasis show has ended. And what a great show it was! Over 8,000 people came through the door in 21 hours. They were treated to grand displays, some the most creative in years. A personal favorite was the tropical paradise dreamed up by the Maharlika Group, which included a stunning hand painted backdrop, palm trees made from yuccas, and a waterfall tumbling into a pond with live goldfish! Visitors also saw orchids gracing a steaming volcano, a harem tent, a 'San Diego back yard', a desert scene overseen by a hungry vulture, reflecting ponds, and a 'Real Man's Oasis'.

Weather cooperated with us this spring, and quite a few more plants were brought in for bench judging this year than last. The Cymbidiums were especially magnificent. Besides ribbon and trophy awards, seven of our members received coveted AOS / CSA recognition for plants and exhibits. As for the Sales Room...our Vendors were happily deluged by a steady crowd of customers who came to shop, and who shopped, and shopped. One vendor had brought 500 plants to sell...by Sunday morning, only 20 plants remained. Our SDCOS booth sold donated plants and brought in over $5024.00 (is that the highest ever?.); these funds will support Society conservation efforts.

Of the many improvements in the show this year, by far the most popular was our new Plant Hotel. We checked in 1,257 bags, plants, and boxes for grateful and relieved customers. Vendors told us their customers were buying plants, then coming back and getting more, simply because they had a place to store their first purchases. Visitors went back in to look at the Displays, knowing their purchases were safe. Some very special Society members came through for us at the last minute, volunteering for Hotel duty when the Girl Scouts couldn't come, and made it fly. We will definitely offer this service again next year.

The Show came together as an entertaining, informative venue where the public could learn more about orchids and purchase some (many!) to take home. Our success is entirely due to wonderful volunteers who contributed countless hours in organizing the show, and donated even more hours of sheer labor in making it happen. We want to sincerely thank all of you who have made this a successful team effort. We will acknowledge each of you by name in next month's issue. We look forward to working with you again as a team in preparing for our show in the year 2000!


To all Society members:

With the show still a fresh memory, we'd like to hear your comments and suggestions. What was your favorite part of the show? What area can use some improvement?, what else would you like to see as part of the show? Any ideas for next year's theme? You can call, mail, fax, er e-mail us, and let us know what you think. Or, catch one of us at the April general meeting. Or, tell your ideas to your Show Committee chair so they can tell us at the final review meeting on Tuesday, April 20. By any means, we want to hear from YOU!

Bud Close and Cindy Hill
Show Chairman and Assistant Chairman
(619) 444-8839 and (619) 481-5782


AOS Show Trophy for Best Exhibit: Andy's Orchids

Orchid Digest Show Trophy for Best Amateur Exhibit: San Diego County Orchid Society

Best Exhibit for Effect (Open): Andy`s Orchids

Best Exhibit for Effect (Amateur): Mahadika Group

Best Exhibit-Natural (Amateur):Marosz-Swanson

CSA Gold Medal for Best Cymbidium Exhibit: Casa de las Orquideas



Best Orchid in Show: Vanda Fuchs Fortune, Orchid House

Best Cymbidium (open): Cym. Wyaiong xMighty Mouse, exhibited by Tom Huse

Best Hybrid Cymbidium (Amateur): Cym. Ruby Eyes, exhibited by M. & L Resurreci on

Best American Hybrid (Open): Cym. WoodyWilson'Ann,' exhibited by Casa de las Orquideas

Best 3 Cymbidiums(open): C.Regal Ruby, C.Baltic Dew, C.Feathahill Fan Fair, exhibitors Jim and Lise Wright

Best 3 Cymbidiums (Amateur): Green Glass (Claude Pepper x Pebbles), exhibited by A. Ferrario

Best Reed Stem Epidendrum(Open): Epi Fireball, exhibited by Jim and Lise Wright

Best Colored Cattleya(open): Cattleya intermedia, exhibited by Bruce Hubbard

Best Colored Cattleya (Amateur): C. Irene Holquin, exhibited by Forrest Robinson

Best Mini Cattleya (Open): C. loddegesii, exhibited by Greg Luetticke

Best Mini Cattleya (Amateur): Lc Trick or Treat, exhibited by Pamela Peters

Best 3 Cattleyes (Open): Lc Mini Purple, Sl Isabella Stone, C. walkeriana var. coerulea, Islander Delights

Best Sophronitis hybrid (Open): Sl Isabella Stone exhibited by Islander Delights

Best Phalaenopsis (Open): Phal. Dynamite 'Red Ruby', exhibited by Fred Clarke

Best Paphiopedilum (Open and Amateur): Paph. delenatii, exhibited by Cindy Hill

Best Paphiopedilum (Open): Phragmipedium caudatum, exhibited by Orchids of Los Osos

Best Vanda Alliance (Open): V. Fuchs Fortune, exhibited by Orchid House

Best Dendrobium (Open): D. kingianum, exhibited by Andy's Orchids

Best Odontoglossum (Open): Odm. Durham Picot Sunset Giant AM/AOS, exhibited by Sunset Orchids

Most Unique Orchid (Open): Coryanthes speciosum, exhibited by Andy`s Orchids

...... More Next Month

ORCHID TALK...By Esther Sivila

When I was growing up in the Philippines we always had orchids around the house. They were either growing on the trunks and limbs of trees or they were attached to dried coconut husks and hanging up. I did not see anyone growing them in pots. We had "Sanggumay" (Dendrobium anosmum, or hono-hono) and some unnamed ones which I presumed were species. I would like to share with you some subject matters about orchids that i think you will find interesting.

Here in the U.S. my first orchid was a Cymbidium given to me as a present. Next I received some Epidendrums. I liked the Epis because they bloom all year round and don’t require much care. I collected different colors of them until I had too many. After a while I decided to try some other genera so I bought my first Cattleya. The name tag said "BLC Bryce Canyon Splendiflorous". Being very naive about orchid names I asked the vendor what BLC meant. But she knew nothing of orchids besides selling them. So I went to the library, borrowed some books, also bought a few and read them. This is how I learned what I know about orchids supplemented by information received from growers everywhere, especially growers from the SDCOS.

In this column I would like to share a list of multi-generic hybrid crosses from books and publications that I have read. When I say crosses, I mean a cross between two or more genera (inter-generic), not between two varieties of the same genus. Before I start this list, I think it is a good idea to define and clarify orchid terms. Let's start with ....

Species - these are orchids (or plants, or animals) es found in their natural habitat, where no man-made cross-breeding has occurred. [Note: - Species (pronounced spee-shees) is both singular and plural. A "specie" (pronounced "spee-see") is a term for money]

Genus - a subdivision of a family, consisting of one or more species which show similar characterisfles and appear to have a common ancestry Catlleya is a genus, as is Encyclia.

Genera - plural of genus. Cattieya, Encyclia, Cymbidium, Phalaenopsis, Oncidium, Paphiopeditum and Dendrobium are examples of different genera.

Clone - one genetically individuaJ plant, and its subsequent divisions.

Division - the splitrig of one plant into two or more pieces. The flowers of these divisions will always look like these of the original big plant.

Mericlone - a plant that was produced by meristem tissue culture and not from a seed pod.

Meristem - the rapidly growing and dividing celb of a plant. These are found at thetips of the roots and vegetatively active parts of the plant.

Meristem Culture - a method of producing many genetical¥ identical plants from a superior clone. This is done in a aterile laboratory where the meristematic tissue is removed and its cells are induced to multiply to form protocorms (tike plant embryos). These can be cut into many more small pieces and again induced to muralply. When sufficient protocorms have developed they are allowed to mature into plants, each one identical to the original done. Meristem culture lets us buy high quality orchids at a reasonable price by producing many identical plants from a single superior clone.

Cross - fertilization of an orchid flower with the pollen from a different plant to produce seed. The seeds grow into plants which carry genetic material from both parents.

Intergeneric hybrid - a hybrid (cross) made between two different genera. For example, a cross between an Epidendrum and a Cattleya is known as an Epicattleya.

Do you know that when you read the labels, the name of the pod parent (mother) is mentioned first, and then crossed (X) by the pollen parent (father)? Also, that the genus part of the orchid's name always starts with a capital letter, and the species part with a small letter? (ie. Cymbidium tracyanum, Laelia albida, Phalenopsis amabills, etc.)

We'll stop here and start with multigeneric names in the next issue.



April 3, 9:00 am
SDCOS Species Group Meeting
at Moti Bodner's (619) 484-2917 First Saturday each month different locations
Paul or Ann Tuskes (619) 274-5829

April 6, 7:30pm- SDCOS General Meeting
First Tuesday each month, Balboa Park
Fred Weber (619) 982-9128

April 9--11, Palomar Orchid Society Show
San Marcos Community Center
Greg Luetticke (760) 724-4711

April 13, 7:00 pm- SDCOS Board Meeting
Second Tuesday each month, Balboa Park
Siv Garrod (619) 483-8787

April 14- Cymbidium Society Meeting
Third Wednesday each month, Cartsbad
Larry Phillips (619) 746-5518

April 17 & 18 - Flower Show, Coronado

April 26, 7:00 pm
SDCOS Show Committee Meeting
Third Tuesday August through April
Bud Close (619) 444-8839


May 4, 6:00 pm
SDCOS Annual Awards Banquet

Remember to visit our SDCOS Home Page on the Internet, our Webmaster continues to create a beautiful site each month. You will see lots of orchid photos from the prize winning entries exhibited at our Orchid Oasis Show. (As time permits, I've been busy lately! - Duncan).







HELP HOTLINE: The SDCOS offers a service to members who seek cultural information about their orchids. Here are some friendly hobbyists who have a great deal of experience and knowledge about certain types of orchids, and who have kindly volunteered to answer your questions. There are no commercial growers on this list.

Cattleyas, Oncidium/Odontoglossum, and Vandaceous, Greenhouse grown, West SD county Forrest Robinson - (619) 270-6105

Encyclias, Epidendrum - Tom Osborn - (760) 787-0282

Paphiopedilums - Bob Hodges - (619)461-4915, Ann Tuskes - (619) 274-5829

Phalaenopsis, Cattleyas and Dendrobiums Alma Marosz - (619) 583-0334

Pleurothallids - Don van Kekerix - (619) 224-4938

Cymbidium, Zygopetalum - Ken Miller (619) 453-4705

Northeast County, all types - Dave Reid (619) 728-7996

San Diego West County all types - Jean Beck (619) 435-8211

San Diego Central, Outdoor, all types Fred Tomaschke 276-3225 / Jim Wright 276-5295

San Diego East County, all types James Masst - (619) 443-2800 / Bud Close - (619) 444-8839

Species, all types, Indoor and Outdoor Ann & Paul Tuskes - (619) 274-5829

South County all types - Genie Hammond (619) 426-6831 / Ed Marty - (619) 470-7175

You may also call any of the SDCOS Board Members for information; if they don't have the answer, they will direct you to someone who knows.


If you have monthly meetings or announcements related to orchids make sure the information gets to me by the SECOND TUESDAY of each month for publishing in the next newsletter.

Rebecca Lawrence, Editor

San Diego County Orchid Society
~~ Established in 1947 ~~

To promote interest in orchids and their cultivation, to educate by exchanging information and experiences related to successful orchid culture, and to support the conservation of orchids in the wild.

President: Fred Weber 619-982-9128
First Vice President: Ben Machado 619-660-9870
Second Vice President: Chris Herndon 619-271-4030
Secretary Siv Garrod: 619-483-8787
Treasurer: Edith Galvan 619-441-7503
Directors: 1996 to 1999 Leno Galvan 619-441-7503
1997 to 2000 Ann Tuskes 619-274-5829
1998 to 2001 Cindy Hill 619-481-5782
Director at Large: (Past President) Bud Close 619-444-8839
Parliamentarian: Alma Marosz 619-583-0334
Refreshments: Joan Close, Alma Marosz, Peggy Swanson, Pat Tolen
Librarian: Ron Velarde 619-562-7246
Historian: Ben Hardy 619-448-0659
Plant Opportunity Table: Jim Reid 619-223-3961
William Roley, Rudy Pfeiffer
Hospitality: Esther Sivila, Naty Ritua
Floral Association Representative: Lynn Beyerle 619-454-4953
Botanical Fnd. and Mini-Show Representative: Bob Hodges 619-461-4915
Conservation Committee: Peter Tobias 760-753-3173
Membership Committee and Name Badges: Vivian Follmer 619-538-6187
Newsletter Editor: Rebecca Lawrence 760-943-8860
Newsletter Distribution: Genie Hammond 619-426-6831
Newsletter Advertising: Cindy Hill 619-481-5782
Webmaster: Duncan Werth 619-222-2072

These are many of the hard-working volunteers that keep our Society running. There are many others with no titles that help these folks make it happen. You are invited to help. Ask any of these people how.

Monthly meetings are held the First Tuesday of each month at Casa del Prado in Balboa Park.
You do not need to be a member to attend these meetings. Admission is free. Anyone is welcome!

Novice Class: 6:30 p.m. Room 104
General Meeting: 7:30 p.m. Room 101

You are invited to share your interest in growing orchids through: monthly meetings with slide shows, guest speakers and refreshments, our Newsletter, mini-shows, Annual Spring Show, a Christmas party, plant raffles, and camaraderie with other hobbyists as well as commercial growers, just by becoming a Society member.

To join our Society, fill out this form, mail it with your check (payable to SDCOS), and come to the next meeting. Single $10.00 / Dual $12.50. Membership runs from July 1 to June 30
(1/2 price after January 1).

Street Address ________________________________________
City, State________________________________________________
Phone/Fax ____________________________________________________ E-mail_________________________________

Mail to: Vivian Follmer, 13127 Roundup, San Diego, CA 92129. Phone: 619-538-6187, E-mail:

Correspondence to the Society goes to: SDCOS, P.O. Box 161020, San Diego, CA 92176